• Listening to Latin America

Pilar Amezaga, Gustavo Barcellos, Áxel Capriles, Jacqueline Gerson, and Denise Ramos, Editors

Listening to Latin America

Exploring Cultural Complexes in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Uruguay, and Venezuela

298 pages, ISBN 978-1-935528-40-1

Listening to Latin America explores the theory and embodied reality that cultural complexes are powerful determinants in the attitudes, behavior, and emotional life of individuals and groups. The contributing authors are from several Latin American countries and present compelling historical, anthropological, sociological, mythological, psychological, and personal perspectives on a part of the world that is full of promise and despair.

Latin America is a region marked with psychic "fault lines" that cause disturbances in its populations on issues of social class, ethnicity, race, religion, gender, and even geography. Many of these "fault lines" appear to have their origins in the "basic fault" that occurred with the conquest and colonization of the region, primarily by the Spanish and Portuguese. This "basic fault" and its subsequent "fault lines" reside not just in various groups that compete for status, power, wealth, and meaning but in the psyche of every Latin American individual who carries the emotional memories and scars of conflicts that have coursed through their mixed blood for generations.



South and the Soul
Gustavo Barcellos

Cordial Racism: Race as a Cultural Complex
Walter Boechat

Non Ducor, duco, I am not led, I lead
Denise G. Ramos

São Paulo and the Cultural Complexes of the City: Seeing through Graffiti
Lilana Liviano Wahba

The Cultural Skin in Latin America
Brian Feldman


At the Far End of the World: Exploring the Chilean Cultural Isolation Complex
Claudia Beas and Javiera Sánchez


In the Shadow of the Virgin Mary
María Claudia Munévar


The Right to Exist: Mexico's Spiritual Colonization
Jacqueline Gerson

The Broken Bridge: Exploring the Mythic Core of Mexican Cultural Complexes
Claude Juvin and Rocío Ruiz


The Official Story of Uruguay: The Cultural Complexes of What Was and Was Not Included
Pilar Amezaga and Pablo Gelsi


The Gringo Complex
Áxel Caprilles M.

Latin America: A Region Split by its Cultural Complexes
Eduardo Carvallo

Venezuela: Cultural Complexes in Contemporary Context
Margarita Méndez

About the Authors and Editors:

Pilar Amezaga is a Jungian analyst in Montevideo, Uruguay, where she serves as a supervisor and clinical psychologist. She is a founder of the Uruguayan Society of Analytical Psychology (SUPA). She teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in Analytical Psychology at the Catholic University of Uruguay. She is a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Analytical Psychology.

Gustavo Barcellos is a Jungian analyst in São Paulo, Brazil, a member of the Associação Junguiana do Brasil (AJB) and the International Association for Analytical Psychology (IAAP), and Editor of Cadernos Junguianos, AJB's journal. The author of many books and articles in Brazil and abroad, he also writes and teaches in the field of archetypal psychology. He maintains a private practice in São Paulo, Brazil.

Claudia Beas, M.Sc., is a clinical psychologist who is training in the Jungian tradition in Santiago, Chile. For the past 10 years she has lead university workshops on dreams and has taught in the Masters' program in analytic psychology at Adolfo Ibañez University. She works as a psychotherapist for adolescents and adults for a municipal mental health center and is in private practice.

Walter Boechat, M.D., Ph.D., is a Diplomate of the C.G. Jung Institute Zürich (1979). He is a founding member of the Jungian Association of Brazil (AJB) and a Member of the Executive Committee of the International Association for Analytical Psychology (IAAP) (2007-2010 and 2010-2013). He is working on the Brazilian Eedition of The Red Book by C.G. Jung, and maintains his clinical practice in Rio de Janeiro.

Áxel Capriles M. is a Venzuelan analyst who graduated from the C.G. Jung Institut-Zürich. With a doctorate in economics, he is professor of Psychological Economics at the Universidad Católica Andrés Bello, Caracas. He teaches in the training program of the Venezuelan Society of Jungian Analysts and is director of the C.G. Jung Foundation of Caracas. The author of four books, he has an editorial weekly column in the newspaper El Universal.

Eduardo Carvallo is a psychiatrist and Jungian analyst, originally from Caracas, Venezuela. He participates in the training of analysts and has written numerous articles on clinical issues as well as on cultural and archetypal topics. He ran a Jungian oriented day hospital in Caracas until the political situation in Venezuela caused him to move to Bogota, Colombia where he now teaches and maintains a private practice.

Brian Feldman is a clinical psychologist, a Jungian analyst, and an infant observation seminar leader (Esther Bick method). He is a member and on the teaching faculties of the Jung Institute of San Francisco and the Inter-regional Society of Jungian Analysts. He is currently a visiting professor at the State Academic University in Moscow. Brian studied anthropology in Mexico at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), was a visiting scholar in the Departments of Psychiatry and Pediatric at the University of Campinas, São Paulo, and has been on the teaching faculty of the Jung Center of Mexico City.

Pablo Gelsi is a Jungian analyst in Montevideo, Uruguay, where he serves as a supervisor and clinical psychologist. He is a founder of the Uruguayan Society of Analytical Psychology (SUPA). He teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in Analytical Psychology at the Catholic University of Uruguay. He has served as Head of the School of Psychology at the Catholic University of Uruguay.

Jacqueline Gerson is a Jungian analyst with a private practice in Mexico City, where she works as an analyst, teacher, and supervisor. With a life-long passion for dance and movement, she first approached dreams as spontaneous choreographies created by the psyche. She lectures and writes on topics related to analytical psychology. Her special joys are movement, writing, and the newly discovered pleasure of grandmothering.

Claude Juvin is a Jungian analyst. She lived in Mexico for 45 years and recently returned to Tours, France, where she was born. She is a member of the C.G. Jung Institute of Chicago (CSJA).

Margarita Méndez is a licensed Social Psychologist from the Universidad Central de Venezuela and has been a Jungian analyst since 1998. She is the director of studies of the Sociedad Venezolana de Analistas Junguianos (SVAJ) in Caracas. She is interested in incorporating the psychic body in Jungian analysis, using active imagination in body movement.

María Claudia Munévar is a Colombian clinical psychologist, currently training in the Jungian tradition. She has a Master's degree in Ethics and Human Rights. She maintains a private practice and provides psychological support to social projects in vulnerable communities.

Denise G. Ramos, Ph.D., is a Jungian analyst and professor at Universidade Católica de São Paulo, where she is the chair of the Center of Jungian Studies in the Graduate Program in Clinical Psychology. She is member of the International Society of Sandplay Therapy and the Academy of Psychology of São Paulo. She has served as the editor-in-chief of Junguiana—a Jungian journal edited in three languages. She is the author of several articles and books, and lectures in Europe and the USA on psychosomatics.

Rocío Ruiz is a Mexican Jungian analyst, and has lived in Mexico City for most of her life. She is a member of the C.G. Jung Institute of Chicago (CSJA). She is a clinical psychologist and holds a Master’s Degree in couples psychotherapy. She has worked with shamans interested in analytical psychology and also serves as a teacher and supervisor. She now lives in Cancún, Mexico where she has her clinical practice, and travels periodically to Mexico City to work with patients.

Javiera Sánchez, M.Sc., is a clinical psychologist who participates in the Jungian Router training program and maintains a private practice in Santiago, Chile. She works as a psychotherapist in a clinic and conducts a private analytic practice with adolescents and adults. She has also taught at Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.

Liliana Liviano Wahba, Ph.D., is a psychologist and Jungian analyst. She is a former President of the Brazilian Society for Analytical Psychology. She is a Professor at the University of São Paulo and former Honorary Secretary of the Ethics Committee of the International Association for Analytical Psychology (IAAP). She also serves as Director of Psychology of the Association Ser em Cena (Theater for Aphasics).


About the Analytical Psychology & Contemporary Culture Series


In our rapidly changing contemporary world, analytical psychology is confronted ever anew with the challenge of remaining relevant. To take on this challenge, Spring Journal Books has created a new series under the title Analytical Psychology & Contemporary Culture. The goal of the series is to bring analytical psychology into a cross-fertilizing dialogue with the fundamental issues of our time. The series will explore the multiple, interpenetrating relationships between history, mythology, politics, economics, sociology, and the arts as they express themselves in contemporary culture. At the heart of our mission is the creative exploration of the psyche's response to a world in rapid transition from the evolving perspectives of analytical psychology.

One of the projects in this Series is to explore cultural complexes in different parts of the world. The first book on this topic, released in 2011, was called Placing Psyche and focused upon Australia. This is our second release on cultural complexes, and centers on cultural complexes in Latin America.

Thomas Singer, M.D., is a Jungian analyst and psychiatrist. After studying religion and European literature at Princeton University, he graduated from Yale Medical School and later trained at Dartmouth Medical Center and the C. G. Jung Institute of San Francisco. His writing includes articles on Jungian theory, politics, and psychology, and he has written and/or edited the following books: Who's the Patient Here? Portraits of the Young Psychotherapist (1978, with Stuart Copans); A Fan's Guide to Baseball Fever: The Official Medical Reference (1991, with Stuart Copans and Mitchell Rose); The Vision Thing: Myth, Politics and Psyche in the World (2000); The Cultural Complex: Contemporary Jungian Perspectives on Psyche and Society (2004, with Samuel L. Kimbles); Initiation: The Living Reality of an Archetype (2007; with Thomas Kirsch and Virginia Beane Rutter); and Psyche and the City: A Soul's Guide to the Modern Metropolis (2010).


Listening to Latin America

  • ISBN: 9781935528401
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